War is considered to be a great evil and it should not be pursued if the state is going to have a futile effort -the probability of success involves effort by the state and whether or not that state can gain the rights it had prior. This definition captures the fact that war must be declared and is between states or nations, thus individuals' fight cannot be considered as a war nevertheless, this definition is narrow as, strictly talking about nations and states, it rejects civil war. 1 last resort a just war can only be waged after all peaceful options are considered the use of force can only be used as a last resort. The doctrine of the just war can deceive a person into thinking that because a war is just, it's actually a good thing but behind contemporary war theory lies the idea that war is always bad. With these preliminaries completed, we can turn to a fuller statement of the just war view this can best be given by means of the following rules which spell out the application of justice to war just cause.
Just war theorists have a moral distaste for war but also realize that sometimes war is necessary just war theories distinguish between justifiable and unjustifiable uses of organized armed forces, they try to explain how violence can be directed towards peace. A just war can only be fought to redress a wrong suffered for example, self-defense against an armed attack is always considered to be a just cause (although the justice of the cause is not sufficient--see point #4. Just war theory is a philosophical idea and can be used as the basis of a legal process we are using the criteria to judge cases of war acts here are three of the key criteria for just (or justifiable) behavior in war. And that can lead to massive blunders, as we saw very vividly in the arguments leading up to the start of the iraq war in 2003 — arguments that biggar exhaustively reconstructs in an unfortunate 69-page chapter that ends with him pronouncing that, all things considered, the war was morally justified.
The war of 1812 has been called america's forgotten war wedged between the revolution and the civil war , its causes, battles, and consequences are familiar to few the war of 1812 is also, perhaps, america's most diversely interpreted war. Sometimes it seems the modern view is that all war is horrible for all involved, but it's a grim necessity at times this modern view ironically allows easier justification for killing civilians while doing nothing to help morale for the soldiers. The war of 1812 did not merely end with a battle fought after the peace treaty had been signed, it began with a declaration of war adopted after the principal american complaint against the. War can be justified when there is a humanitarian crisis going to war entails a lot of casualties and damage to properties, but if it means saving people against genocide and other atrocities, it is necessary.
Preemptive war can be legitimate in some circumstances, according to just war theory, if it is known that a grave act of aggression is imminent if a government knows that their nation or another is about to become a victim, it can act to prevent the injustice before it takes place. However, just war theory also acts to remind contenders that war is a last resort and that its essential aim is always peace, so if peace is forthcoming in any guise, it is morally critical for all parties to seek a return to a permanent peace rather than a momentary lapse of war. Sometimes people do such horrific acts that the scales can never be balanced serial killers / sex offenders why do we keep these people alive at a cost to the tax payer if someone does something so horrible to you or your family i think you would be justified in taking the ultimate sanction.
Therefore, since the second world war, people have turned their attention to just war again establishing rules that can serve as guidelines to a just war- the hague and geneva conventions many christians had taken the view that war may be justifiable under certain circumstances, and only if fought observing certain rules of conduct. This view says that the aim of christianity is to promote a world in which peace and justice flourish everywhere: war may sometimes be the tool needed to do this, and waging war may sometimes be a. Niccolo machiavelli's the art of war (1520), napoleon boneparte's maxims of war (1827), carl von clauswitz's treatise on war (1832), and baron de jomini's art of war (1862) are also considered modern european classics of realpolitik thinking about armed conflict.
Pacifists deny that war, or even any kind of violence, can be morally permissible, but, as with the other positions noted above, a variety of opinions exists here, some admitting the use of war only in defense and as a last resort (defencists) whereas others absolutely do not admit violence or war of any sort (absolutist pacifists. Some historians view the civil war as a war created by the boiling over of the fighting in kansas created as a territory in the kansas-nebraska act of 1854, this was the test of the democrats popular sovereignty platform and was a dismal failure.
Outline the key concepts of just war and pacifism a01  the just war theory maintains that war may be justified if fought only in certain circumstances, and only if certain restrictions are applied to the way in which war is fought. Just war theory indeed is often accused of formalism (sometimes called essentialism), of making combatancy simply determined by one's formal role, as if one can simply read off one's combatant status by identifying the essence of one's role.